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(Matter of N. v NY Office of Children & Family Services, NY Slip Op 04379)

June 18, 2018

The court rules that this decision should be reversed, and the petition dismissed without costs. Despite the defendant’s argument, the court does indeed have jurisdiction over this appeal considering the dual dissent of the appellate decision is a question of law ( CPLR 5601), Matter of Kelly v Safir 96 NY2d 32, 38 [2001]. The question the courts must determine is whether there is a rational reason for the action, or whether it is arbitrary (Matter of Peckham v Calogero 12 NY3d 424, 431 [2009]. The court remarked that an arbitrary action is without a sound reason or basis, and is often made without consideration of the facts involved. If the reviewing court finds there is a rational basis, the reviewing court must sustain the determination even if the court believes it would have achieved a different result.

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(The People of the State of New York v. M.M.)

The defendant filed this appeal regarding his guilty plea of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the 5th degree. The court initially agreed with the defendant that his waiver of an appeal was invalid.

The defendant argues that the court failed to assign him new counsel at his sentencing hearing. The court disagrees. The court states that this argument is invalid because the defendant didn’t make an adequate case asking for new counsel. Therefore, the court didn’t err in failing to conduct an inquiry whether good cause was shown to substitute counsel (People v Mathews 142 AD3d 1354, People v Singletury 63 AD3d 1654, 1655 [4th Dept. 2009].

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The issue in this proceeding is whether a claim for innocence lies under CPL 440.10(1)(h) to vacate a judgment of conviction based on the defendant’s guilty plea. The court felt that the defendant’s pleas of innocence is not adequate grounds for relief.

The defendant is a nurse who was a caregiver for the victim. The victim is a disabled 10-year-old girl, who is blind, immobile and unable to speak. The defendant bathed the girl using a hand-held shower device. When she applied lotion to the girl’s legs after a shower, she noticed her skin was red and peeling.

The defendant called the girls parents who took her to the doctor. The doctor initially determined that that the victim had had an adverse reaction to medication. She was then referred to a hospital. At the second medical facility, it was determined that her condition was due to third-degree burns, which required skin grafts.

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This case was an appeal from the Supreme Court, where the defendant was categorized as a Level Two sex offender.

The defendant had originally pleaded guilty for the use of a child in a sexual performance (violation of Penal Law 263.05). Before being released from prison the Supreme Court held a SORA hearing. After the hearing, the court gave the defendant 20 points for risk factor 13, which established him as a Level Two sex offender.

The defendant argues that the court was in error.

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A New York Criminal Lawyer said on April 4, 2009, the police responded to a call for service at a family home in Nassau County. Upon their arrival, they discovered that the residents of the home, a man and his girlfriend had been engaged in a domestic violence situation. As a result of domestic abuse, the woman was complaining of abdominal pain. She was far along in pregnancy at the time of the altercation. She stated that during the fight, she had been pushed or struck and that the blow had caused her to fall to the floor. She had not been allowed to obtain prenatal care and her complaints were concerning to the officers. An ambulance was called to the scene and the woman was transported to Nassau University Medical Center to receive treatment.

A New York Criminal Lawyer said that upon her arrival at the emergency room, doctors were concerned about the woman’s condition but only took brief examinations of her and promptly dismissed her from the hospital. On May 13, 2009, she returned to the emergency room complaining that she was having contractions. She was admitted into the hospital and doctors administered drugs to attempt to delay the delivery of the child. Since, the woman’s membranes had ruptured, doctors administered steroids to attempt to speed up the maturation of the baby’s lungs. The baby was subsequently born on May 13, 2009. At some point during his delivery, he was deprived of oxygen and blood through a compression of his umbilical cord. As a result, he was delivered with a brain injury that will result in his having to be cared for professionally the rest of his life.

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This is a case involving a Hispanic criminal defendant who was stopped and taken into custody by police officers for DWI. The defendant evaded a toll booth in a “cash only” lane without paying the required toll. The defendant was brought to the police department and was shown a video in the Spanish language explaining the process of taking breath tests. Having understood the same, the defendant complied and allowed the police officers to take his breath test. However, defendant asserted that he was not offered the opportunity to perform the standard coordination test.

During the trial, the defendant argued that his constitutional rights were violated when the police officers took his breath test but did not allow him to take the standard coordination test for the reason that he, allegedly, do not understand English. Defendant filed a motion to dismiss and several other motions which include a motion to suppress the videotape of the administration of the breath test and to set aside the verdict ad dismiss the charges on the ground that defendant’s federal constitutional rights were violated. The People filed an opposition to the said motions.

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The convictions in this criminal case come from a storefront operation that was conducted by undercover agents that work for the State Police and the Attorney General’s office. The operation was set up as a way to buy stolen property and guns. The principal operator of the store was an investigator for the Organized Crime Unit of the Attorney General’s office.

During the operation, the investigator met with a man and asked if he knew of any handguns that he could purchase. Thereafter, the investigator met with the man and the defendant several times and was unsuccessful in purchasing a handgun for $400 from someone that was only known as “the kid.”

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This is an appeal from the order of the District Court of Nassau County, First District, entered November 14, 2003, deemed from a supplemental order of the same court entered July 20, 2010. The order, following a hearing, designated defendant a level three sex offender pursuant to Correction Law article 6-C.

A Lawyer said that, defendant pleaded guilty to sex abuse in the second degree (Penal Law § 130.60 [2]) and endangering the welfare of a child (Penal Law § 260.10). At a hearing held pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act (SORA) Correction Law § 168-n, the People submitted clear and convincing evidence of defendant’s out-of-state felony conviction of a sex crime under Maryland Annotated Code, article 27, § 464B. The People also submitted an assessment instrument prepared by the Board of Examiners of Sex Offenders recommending that defendant be designated a level three sex offender based upon the automatic override factor of an out-of-state felony conviction. The District Court adopted the Board’s recommendation and designated defendant a level three sex offender.

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In 1979 P.H. was a parking lot attendant in a lot across the street from a New Jersey hospital. The nurses from the hospital used the lot to park as they came and went from work. Sometimes the helpful parking attendant would escort them to their cars. Until one of them noticed that he was masturbating behind his coat as he escorted her. She reported the incident and P.H. was arrested. He later admitted that his situation had begun by looking up the nurse’s skirts as they got in and out of their cars. He was charged with public lewdness. His first and only real girlfriend came to see him in jail, but he was too embarrassed by his actions to see her. He later said that he never saw that girl again and never dated anyone else.

In 1980, P.H. was caught masturbating in a public library in New Jersey. He later admitted that he had been to several different libraries over the previous nine-month period. Each time, he would see a woman whom he found attractive. He stated that he would become fixated with her and masturbate behind his coat or other article of clothing while he watched her. He stated that he would do this about two times a week. He told his state appointed psychiatrist, Dr. Erika Frances, that he preferred the aisles in a library because they provided him with a more private location.

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It was a spring night in 1995 when Scott R. Nailor’s wife left the house to take care of his terminally ill stepfather. Alone in the house with his twelve year old stepdaughter, Mr. Nailor took the child by the hand and led her into a back bedroom. He told her that if she did not do what he told her to do that he would hurt her mother. He then forced the girl to the floor, grabbed her head and forced her to perform oral sex on him.

After this initial night, Mr. Nailor forced his stepdaughter to perform oral sex on him two more times on different nights in the spring of 1995 while his wife was tending to his terminally ill stepfather. Each time, he took the child forcibly by her hand, led her in to the back bedroom, and forced her head to his penis. Then one night, Mr. Nailor had additional inappropriate sexual contact with the girl. The court documents are unclear about the exact nature of this additional sexual contact, only to state that it was inappropriate. All of these incidents took place in the spring of 1995.

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